As one of the poorest provinces in China, Guizhou is blessed with colorful minority culture and primitive landscapes, snapped by Livia Monami, a renowned photographer who trailed the migration of nomads from Central Asia to this long-historical land in the quest for presenting the archaic forms of life attuned to nature.
In the company of our staff of China Tour Guide, Monami spent nearly six weeks staying with the residents in the remote and isolated regions of three provinces – Guizhou, Yunnan and Sichuan, to embrace the centuries-old traditions and cultures of different ethnic groups. The journey began with Guizhou’s capital Guiyang, Xijiang resided by Miao minority, Suoga with Dahua Miao people, traversed Sichuan’s Liangshan settled by Yi group, Yunnan’s Yongshan with a hydropower station, and ended in Guizhou’s Nanlong and Cehing, home to Bouyei people.
What Monami saw and heard about Guizhou is genuinely recorded in her camera. Each lens shows the old and unique ways of local minority: terraced fields creep along the sides of rolling mountains; houses are built according to Chinese fengshui rules; little girl in national costume tends her flocks on grassland; shoulder pole is still used by locals to carry cargo today; farmers use animals to drag the plough; people sold the farming goods in the bazaar; Yi women gather in the street to ask the shaman for their puzzles of life; Bouyei people make their special embroidery in a distinctive way and perform the music in “eight sounds” style with traditional stringed instruments and flute; etc.
During the 37-day exploration, Monami and our staff witnessed the well-preserved primitive lifestyle and the collaboration and unification of different ethnic groups, although sometimes the unpredictable weather and poor road condition made it harder to complete the photography. At the end of the China tour, Monami was invited by the driver to visit a village in Guizhou where he was born and received an enthusiastic welcome from villagers, which she felt touched and will never forget. After the life-enhancing journey, Monami said that Chengdu and Wudang Mountain would be the next two destinations of her culture exploration.
China’s Grand Canal and one part of the ancient Silk Road were both inscribed on the World Heritage list by the World Heritage Committee, which brings the total number of China’s World Heritage Site to 47.
As the oldest and longest artificial waterway in the world, Grand Canal was the most wide-range civil engineering project before the period of Industrial Revolution, boosting the exchange of northern and southern areas. It flows from the northern Beijing to the southern Hangzhou with hundreds of thousands of ferries for over 2,500 years. The portion in Suzhou serves as the most convenient traffic web that covers the whole city.
Regarded as one of the two greatest ancient projects in China (together with the Great Wall), Grand Canal is a masterpiece of water-conservancy project which still plays an important role in transportation, logistics, irrigation, flood control and water supply until now. It additionally sees high historical and cultural value. So many significant events, touching stories and lead-to-imagine legends happened along the long canal within 2500 years that traveling through it takes you back to the past and leads you towards the present to appreciate the changeable landscapes, seek the colorful historical remains and cultural relics, and experience the diversified social customs.
With the increasing attention of the ancient route between China and Europe from the international community, the part of Silk Road in China is recognized on the UNESCO World Heritage site list as an international joint project. Passing through China, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan , the land Silk Road is one of the biggest World Cultural Heritage areas in terms of geographic distribution and is the first one co-owned by China and other countries.
As the Silk Road on the sea which started from Guangzhou and passed Southeast Asia, it witnessed the exchange of economy, culture and society between Asia and Europe, promoting the trade development, religious spread and city planning. The part of Silk Road in China goes through three provinces – Shaanxi, Gansu and Xinjing, adorned with a series of spectacular natural views and human landscapes. Each city situated in the route of Silk Road is endowed with wonderful attractions, colorful history and distinctive culture.
If you have time in Kunming during your stay, do not miss “Dynamic Yunnan” show, which shows the different dances of the minority tribes in Yunnan province. It is both vibrant and colorful as the dancer energetically performs in their traditional dress, choreographed by famous dancer Yang Liping, incorporates both traditional folk dance elements and modern flavors.
Dynamic Yunnan is a show that features the different dances from over 11 ethnic minority tribes in Yunnan province. The dances, combined with traditional folk music and the power of modern stage exhibition, told stories from the rich legends of the Yunnan culture and mystical land.
Therefore, if you want to enjoy a taste of Yunnan’s minority cultures in your China tour, head to Kunming to witness the fabulous large-scale dance drama “Dynamic Yunnan.” The show travels around to various locations, such as Beijing, Shanghai and Guangzhou, popular among all the nation and Southeast Asia area.
In presenting the exotic song and dance spectacular, Dynamic Yunnan, the dance diva from China, Yang Liping, had spent more than a year traveling to remote villages of the 26 ethnic minority tribes in Yunnan and picked over 60 peasants who had a natural gift to sing and dance, to build an archive from which she re-created this rich feast of sight and sound. Featuring a cast made up largely of ethnic-minority performers, 120 ethnic masks, traditional costumes and 62 drums are combined with modern lighting and stage effects to create an unmissable 120-minute song and dance extravaganza. One of the dancers performs the peacock dance. She had very nimble limbs as she imitated the movement of the peacock. The following is a list of the programmes Dynamic Yunnan Show.
Dynamic Yunnan Show Programme List
Prologue: The Dawn of Life
I am the wild fire, I am the wind,
I have locked my soul in the drum,
And kept the seeds within me.
With a clap of thunder, plants begin to sprout,
Wake up! Spirit of the Drum, wake up!
Scene One: The Sun
The sun and the moon are forever chasing each another,
From east to west they follow the track.
They have taken the same route since Chaos opened up;
Men and women are together
Since they were born, and till they die -,
They were joined upon the Creation of the Earth.
Scene Two: The Earth
Heaven is vast, but there is only one;
The earth is vast, but there is only one.
Do not say that flora does not speak,
There is a reason for every living thing on earth.
My ancestors told me,
The Earth came from the flesh and bones of the Creator.
I lay low, close to the earth, and there and then,
I could understand the myths of my ancestors.
Scene Three: The Homeland
Ancestors of Yunnan people are followers of animism – the belief that nature and inanimate objects have souls — and there are many sacrificial ceremonies to different gods every year. This worship of nature has greatly helped preserve local ecology and environment.
Scene Four: Pilgrimage
The Tibetan Buddhists are devout believers, and making a pilgrimage to the Holy Mountain is their way of worshipping Nature. The pilgrims often come a long way, spinning their praying wheels. They would lie face down on the ground, kiss the earth at every step and reach the Holy Mountain, where they would find Heaven of their dreams.
Epilogue: Spirit of the Peacock
For Dai people, the peacock is a symbol of love called “sunbird.” Yang Liping has created a dance idiom that captures the movements and forms of the bird in the most vivid, graceful movements. Spirit of the Peacock expresses her yearning for a sacred and tranquil world. The solo dance, with a group dance to become an exquisite piece of choreography with highly original formations and sound and lighting effects, results in an uplifting, soul-stirring dance that evokes peace and harmony in life.
Located in the Sichuan-Yunnan provincial border at the attitude of 2066m, Lugu Lake landscape provides the tourists aesthetic pleasure. The lake includes 5 islands, 3 peninsulas and 1 seawall island, the Heiwawu Island, Liwubi Island and Lige Island are renewed as the “the three islands from the fabled abode of immortals”, the three islands are also the most popular place worth to see at Lugu Lake.
Lugu Lake is surrounded by high and sublime mountains with exquisite beauty, fresh air and charming scenery. The water in the lake is clear enough that the lake bed can be seen 11 meters deep. There are moreover many jade-green islands of various sizes situated throughout the lake. Welcome to China, HRC provides China tours and indochina tours with local guide, we also provide Guangzhou hotels booking and Canton Trade fair guide .
Here everything looks as if it has not been disturbed by human beings at all and still remains in its primitive state. Boating in the lake, you can feel that the surface of the water is as smooth as a mirror and the water as blue as the sky. The slow – canoe in the blue lake, the beautiful Mosuo girls in their ethnic clothes and the Mosuo folk songs will show you something of primitive simplicity and peace. Lugu Lake has the fame of a fabled abode of immortals and “Plateau Pearl” for its pure and virgin land of natural landscapes. The Mosuo people living here still keep their matriarchal society system.
Lugu Lake is a deep lake dotted with some islets and surrounded by high mountains. It is at a high elevation of 2,685 meters or 8,809 feet in the high mountains that are on the borders of Sichuan, Yunnan and Tibet. The Mosuo people have been isolated in the valley and retain more ancient traditions and customs than the other people around them. Travel up to their valley was difficult, and it still is comparatively difficult. There are not yet paved roads to their territory. The 30,000 or so Mosuo people are ethnically distinct from the Naxi who live around Lijiang, but are similar to the Naxi in some ways.
The Naxi people lived on a part of the Southern Silk Road (the Chama Road), and for hundreds of years they were affected by traders and merchants from other regions who traveled through and stayed in their towns. The Mosuo people have had less contact with modern people. In the past before the modern era, many Mosuo men left home to travel as caravan traders, but the women and children remained at home. The Mosuo people retain a lot of unique customs. Lugu Lake is beautiful and is said to be worth the comparatively difficult journey to go see the region. There is good hiking around the lake area and up in the mountains, and the Mosuo people’s exotic culture and traditions may interest you.
The Prince Gong Mansion is one of the most ornate and extravagant residence compounds in all of Beijing
The Prince Gong Mansion, also called the Prince Kung’s Mansion, is a museum located in the western part of central Beijing, China, north of the Shichahai Lake. Consisting of large mansions in the typical siheyuan layout and gardens, the Prince Gong Mansion is known as one of the most ornate and extravagant residence compounds in all of Beijing. Welcome to China, HRC provides China tours and indochina tours with local guide, we also provide Guangzhou hotels booking and Canton fair guide .
Covering a ground area of 28,000 square meters, the Garden of Prince Gong’s Mansion is surrounded by the man-made hills on four sides. Totally 25 small and large scenes can be seen there and the architectural features of the gardens from both northern and southern China are combined perfectly in the mansion.
The main layout of Prince Gong’s Mansion includes three parts: middle buildings, east and west buildings. All those three parts are built along the central axis and composed of traditional courtyards. Those mansions are built widely with the highest level of construction regulations at that time. The most significant signs are the number of gates and rooms. There are five gates, seven main halls, five rear court rooms and seven sleeping rooms. During the Qing Dynasty, general mansions are not allowed to be built under such regulations. Besides, there are three courtyards in each of three main buildings and each of them is a popular tourism spot.
The garden in Prince Gong’s Mansion is named Cuijin, meaning concentrated cream of the most beautiful flowers, and to this day it lives up to its name. The garden covers 28,000 square meters, and is surrounded by man-made hills on four sides. The main peak, constructed from Taihu rocks, is in the north. The garden has an arched stone gate in typical Western architectural style, and upon entering the garden, one can see the five-meter high Dule Peak, which is a rock procured from Lake Tai in southern China. Behind it is the Bat Pond (Bat is a homonym of happiness in Chinese). Beyond the pond stands the Anshan Hall and opposite, at the center of the garden, is a hill bearing a stone tablet inscribed with the Chinese character “fu” (happiness) in the calligraphy of Emperor Kangxi (1662-1723). Behind the hill are masterpieces of garden architecture, with more than 20 scenic spots. In addition to its artificial hill, trees, flowers, pavilions and terraces, the garden also contains the unique feature of its own theater.
To help visitors gain a better understanding of the culture attaching to the mansion, the administration of Prince Gong’s Mansion has converted Bat Hall into a teahouse. The visitors’ program includes a full tour of the mansion, tea drinking, observing the exquisite art of the tea ceremony, sampling Beijing style titbits, and enjoying folklore performances, all of which evoke an enthusiastic response. There is also an exhibition of the history of the Qing Dynasty, including replicas and photos of cultural relics. The exhibits date from 1616, when the Qing Dynasty was founded, to 1912, when the last emperor, Puyi, abdicated.
Ming Tombs is the graves of Ming emperors. It is located in Tianshou Mountain Changping District northwest Beijing. The graves cover more than 120 square kilometers and are almost 50 kilometers away from Beijing. The Ming Tombs are surrounded by mountains in east, west and north sides in a basin. In front of the graves, there is a twisting river. The Ming Tombs were built along the steep mountains and form grand scale. From the first Changling to the last Siling, there are totally thirteen emperors’ tombs here during the more than 230 years. Welcome to China, HRC provides China tours and indochina tours with local guide, we also provide Guangzhou hotels booking and Canton fair guide .
Among the Ming Tombs, Changling is famous one and chosen by tourists in Ming Tombs tour. The Ming Changling is on south side of the Tianshou Mountain. It is the third emperor Zhu Di’s tomb. The emperor and his empress were buried here. Changling is the largest and earliest one among the Ming Tombs. The architectures on ground are well protected.
Changling, Chang Tomb, is the largest and oldest of the tombs located approximately 4km from the entrance. It was built in the 15th century and serves as the burial ground for Emperor Zhu Di and his empress. In total, Changling occupies 120,000sqm. Structures around the central axis include Front Gate to the Tomb, Gate of Eminent Favor, the Hall of Eminent Favor, the Dragon & Phoenix Gate, Soul Tower and Wall-circle Earth Mound. Hall of Eminent Favor, its interior brackets and columns made out of a single nanmu trunk piece, is the most striking architectural piece that graces the grounds. The hall serves as a museum that displays artifacts unearthed on the premises.
Construction of Changling Tomb, the first of the Ming Tombs, its layout features the Stone Archway, Great Red Gate, Stone Pavilion, Sacred Way and Ling Xing Gate. Each tomb has a rectangular hall at the front and a circular one to the rear. Other structures such as the Precious Hall, Soul Tower, marble altar, a two column stone archway, the Three-Arched Gate, Ling En Hall and Ling En Gate are located on either side of the central axis. On the stone stele at the Changling Tomb there is an inscription written by Zhu Gaozhi (Emperor Renzong), and a famous calligrapher of the Ming dynasty reading “Da Ming Changling Shen Gong Sheng De Bei” (Eulogy of the Great Achievements of Emperor Yongle). There are also two poems added by Emperor Qianlong and Emperor Jiaqing of the Qing dynasty.
Changling, the biggest mausoleum, was built for the Yongle Emperor, Zhu Di, and took 18 years to complete. Zhu Di was the Emperor who built the Forbiden City, commissioned the Great Dictionary of Yongle (Yongle Dadian) and sent the eunuch Admiral Cheng He to South-East Asia, Ceylon, India, Africa and the Arabian Peninsula.
One of the ‘Five Sacred Mountains’ in China, Taishan Mountain is a very famous mountain in China, is a mountain with a long history and a special historic status. Taishan Mountain is located north of the city of Tai’an, in Shandong province. The mountain lies some 40km south of the host city Jinan and has been considered the holy mountain because it is to the east, the direction from which the sun rises.
In 1982, Taishan Mountain was admitted into the list of State key scenic spots and was formally listed in the directory of World Natural and Cultural Heritage in 1987. Welcome to China, HRC provides China tours and indochina tours with local guide, we also provide Guangzhou hotels booking and Guangzhou fair guide .
Mount Tai is considered to be a cultural and historical museum. It is a famous place both of Taoism and Buddhism. There are four marvelous spectacles in Mount Tai, and they are sunrise watching on the peak, shine of sunset, Yellow River watching in sunshine and sea of cloud.
The Temple of the God of Mount Tai, known as the Dai Temple, is the largest and most complete ancient building complex in the area. It is located at the foot of Mount Tai in the city of Tai’an and covers an area of 96,000 square meters. The temple was first built during the Qin Dynasty. In the center of the Hall of the Taishan Mountain are statues of the God of Taishan Mountain and his high-ranking attendants. The two corridors in front of the hall house 72 statues of deities, or “Chiefs of Departments,” each representing some form of human activity or natural force.
As one of the five most famous mountains in China, it is recognized as the head of the Five-mountain and defined to be East-mountain adoringly. Many emperors climbed to the top for enthronement or other significant ceremonies in ancient China, for they considered it to be a symbol of Chinese power that given by master of nature. The earliest activities could go back to Xia dynasty and Shang dynasty, so it preserved a good many of cultural relics and historic sites. Famous literators, poets and celebrities were attracted here and thousands of poems and articles about Mount Tai are best-known nowadays.
In 2005, the mountain was again awarded one of the Top Ten Most Satisfactory Scenic Zones in China, and competed with other places for the title of the Most Beautiful Place in China, as the best in Shandong Province, and it was also listed among the National Geological Park.
The Longmen Grottoes are located 12 kilometres south of Luoyang in Henan Province, China. Once the capital of the Northern Wei Dynasty, Luoyang is renowned as a centre for Chinese Buddhism. Dating back to the Northern Wei Dynasty over 1500 years ago, the grottoes contain the largest and most impressive collection of stone carvings in China. Unique in style, the grottoes differ from other Buddhist sculpture created earlier and exemplify the art of stone carving from the Northern Wei and Tang Dynasty. Welcome to China, HRC is please to provie China tour guide and Canton Fair hotels for you.
Longmen Grottoes, also known as Longmen Cave, contain the largest and most impressive collection of Chinese art of the late Northern Wei and Tang dynasties (493-907). These works, entirely devoted to the Buddhist religion, represent the high peak of ancient stone-carving art in China. Along with the Mogao Caves (in Gansu Province) and Yungang Grottoes (in Shanxi Province), the Longmen Grottoes are one of the three most famous ancient sculptural sites in China.
The main Longmen Grottoes honeycomb the cliff face on Yi River’s western bank and stretch for 1 km on a north-south axis. The three Bingyang caves are at the northern end which are closest to the entrance. Construction began on all three under the Northern Wei dynasty. Although two were finished during the Sui and Tang dynasties, the statues all display the benevolent expressions that characterised the Northern Wei style.
The grottoes are a gallery of Chinese art that provides significant information about most areas of Chinese culture including its political and economic structure, theology, medicine and clothing, as well as the fine arts, including architecture, painting, music, calligraphy and sculpture. There are, of course, numerous depictions of the life of the Buddha. In addition, the grotto carvings include disciples, bodhisattvas, guardians, apsaras and other creatures that reflect the changing elements of the Buddhist faith in China over hundred of years and numerous dynasties. The Longmen sculptures reflect the styles of earlier Indian and Yungang grotto art, though the figures often are clad in roomier Han-style gowns and reflect a dignified refinement and elegant grace that was to influence much of China’s later Buddhist sculpture. The earlier Northern Wei statues mostly are of Shakyamuni and Maitreya Bodhisattva; later statues are more attached to the Maitreya Buddha of the Future and the Amitabha and Guanyin, the compassionate Bodhisattva who reflected concern for personal salvation.
The most impressive figure is the statue of Vairocana Buddha sitting cross-legged on the eight-square lotus throne. It is 17.14 metres (about 56.23 feet) in total height with the head four metres (about 13 feet) in height and the ears 1.9 metres (about 6.2 feet) in length. Vairocana means illuminating all things in the sutra. The Buddha has a well-filled figure, a sacred and kindly expression and an elegant smile. According to the record on the epigraph, the Empress Wu Zetian together with her subjects took part in the ceremony of Introducing the Light (a Buddhist blessing that the Buddha opens the spiritual light of himself and shares it with others).
At the sides of Vairocana there are two statues of Vairocana Buddha’s disciples, Kasyapa and Ananda, wearing prudent and devout expressions. The figures of Bodhisattvas and devas can also be found in the temple. Some have dignified and genial expressions, while others are majestic and fiery. The various appearances and delicate designs are the representations of Empire Tang’s powerful material and spiritual strength as well as the high crystallization of people’s wisdoms.
Chengde Mountain Resort – one of China’s leading scenic spots and the world’s largest imperial garden. The Chengde Mountain Resort and temples around it was listed in the Chronology of Recognition of World Heritage in China in 1994. Welcome to China, HRC provides China tours and indochina tours with local guide, we also provide Guangzhou hotels booking and Canton trade fair guide .
The Chengde Mountain Resort lies in a long and narrow ravine by the Wulie River in Yanshan Mountain. The resort itself is enclosed by a 10-km-long and 1.3-m-wide stonewall that runs up and down the terrain in a way like the Great Wall. The resort is generally divided into two sections, the palace area and the garden area. The garden area, which extends from southeast to northwest, falls into three scenic parts: lake, grassland and mountains, which are clustered with 120 buildings and 72 tourist attractions. With gardens within gardens, and scenery within scenery, the entire resort forms a richly variegated, three-dimensional painting scroll.
Chengde Mountain Resort The garden has a large-scale Temple, Church, House, Museum, Pavilion, Pavilion, Pavilion, Hennessy, vegetarian, Temple, such as building more than 100. Chengde Mountain Resort general layout of the building can be divided into the palace area and Court scenic two hours. Court can be divided into scenic Lakes, plains and mountain areas of three parts. Chengde Mountain Resort palace area unique architectural style, it does not Zijin City’s ornate palaces flu, construction and home base is similar to green Suwat, decoration elegant simplicity, are no painting, wood remarkable qualities, especially fresh, simple, elegant and tranquil.
The Chengde Mountain Resort is most famous for the 72 scenic spots which were named by the Kangxi and Qianlong Emperors. Many of the scenic spots around the resort’s lake area were copied from famous landscaped gardens in Southern China. For instance, the main building on Green Lotus Island, “Tower of Mist and Rain,” It is a copy of a tower in Nanhu Lake at Jiaxing in Zhejiang Province. The resort’s plain area possesses characteristics of the scenery of the Mongolian grasslands. Forested mountains and valleys are dotted with various buildings. This includes the Sarira Pagoda, a 70 m tall stone Chinese pagoda built in the year 1751 during the reign of the Qianlong Emperor. The pagoda is shaped with an octagonal base, while the pagoda’s nine stories are decorated with colorful glazed tiles and the steeple is crowned with a gilded round spire.
Perched about 1980 meters above sea level at the snow-capped Bagda Peak, The Xinjiang Tianchi (Heavenly Peak) is always a shining star that keeps on attracting the eyes of the world.
Tianchi Lake in Tianshan Tianchi National Park is a scenic highlight about 1.5 to 2 hours out of Urumqi. It is a small lake in high mountains. The northwestern area is highly developed and even has a mall. But the eastern and southern areas have a trail and beautiful hiking. If you like nature and ethnic culture, it is a place to go, and you can find economical accommodations and meals in the Kazakh yurts. Some of the yurts are beautiful inside with lots of brightly colored and decorated rugs, quilts and wall hangings. They sort of remind me of camping in American Indian wigwams that were probably made similarly. Because of the ready and fairly inexpensive ethnic accommodations in a high-mountain national park, the Tianchi Lake is a great place to camp. Welcome to China, HRC provides China tours and indochina tours with local guide, we also provide Guangzhou hotels booking and Canton trade fair guide .
Heavenly lake is located in the middle of Bogda(Divine in the Mongolian language) Peak at an altitude of 544 meters. The lake is 1980 meters above sea level, and shaped like a half moon tapering slightly from north to south. The water surface is 49 square kilometers with an average depth of 40 meters, the deepest spot being 105 meters. The blue water is like a precious stone inlaid in the mountains. Three peaks, covered with permanent snow, rise high-on the southeastern shore. On the lower slopes are dense forests and green grass. Herds of sheep, cattle and horses roam the grassland.
Surrounded by snow peaks, the lake got its source from the melted snow. The lake is tranquil and flat as a mirror, reflecting the surrounding mountain peaks. The Heavenly Lake is a famous tourist attraction in Xinjiang, and there are pleasure boats available for tourists.
Heavenly Lake, praised locally as ‘eye of mother earth’, suitated in mountainside of Bogda Peak where is the Heavenly Mountain range (Tianshan), 115 km northeast of Urumqi. The Heavenly Lake is listed as one of the few unspoiled destinations throughout China. When you are here, you can enjoy the picturesque surrounding where the crystal clear water reflecting the snow-capped mountains that soaring into the sky while the lush green lawn is dotted with colorful flowers every here and there. The average temperature within the scenic area is lower than the adjacent city and therefore, it is absolutely a great destination for summer escape.
This giant bowl of sapphire water is surrounded by mountains with majestic snow-crowned peaks reflecting on the lake, making the beauties of the lake and mountains an integral whole. Mountainsides are covered by green and luxuriant pines and cypresses extending as far as the eye can see. The open spaces between trees are embellished by rainbows of flowers, dotted with white yurts, and roamed by flocks of sheep that look like clouds floating past. This picturesque scene on a day after a rain is especially enchanting. In summer, the beautiful lake is an ideal cool resort. Boaters on the lake see the ever-changing silvery mountains soaring into the blue sky, their slopes highlighted with verdant pasture and flamboyant wild flowers. Fishing at dusk has its own special charm. A day in this fairyland promises restoration.