Tibet is the highest region in the world with an average elevation of 4,900 meters. Due to its special geographic location, Tibet has its unique customs for eating food, which has great difference with the rest part of China.
Beef & Mutton
Beef, mutton and dairy products are the main food to the Tibetan people. There are generally no vegetables in the pastoral areas of Tibet, which make monotonous diet here. And from this part, the pastoral areas and even the entire Tibet all are the high fat, and high protein diet place. As is known to all beef and mutton are high-calorie food, it will help the people living in high altitude area keep out the cold. The interesting thing is, the Tibetan people have the habit of eating raw meat. If you have the chance to visit the pastoralist’s home, you will see the air-dry beef and mutton hanging inside their house or tents, and the host will call you to taste it. This kind of flavor you can only get taste in plateau.
All kinds of drinks is the essential part that consisting of the Tibetan people’s nutrition food. They are butter tea, sweet tea, barley wine and some others. Butter tea, which always be eaten with Zanba, the main course of Tibet. Besides, it is also cosidered as a daily edible drink. It is made of boiled brick tea and ghee, both buttered tea and sweet tea all have the function of tea. In Tibet, it is an old Tibetan traditions serving the customer with buttered tea. Whatever you walking into the pastoralists’ tents, or farmers’ mud hut, or (in) visiting relatives and friends, the host will make a good fragrance of buttered tea to let you taste. When Tibetans travel far from home, the relatives and friends will come to see off and present him a white hada, and a bowl of butter tea for a wish of a smooth strip.
Made from the highland barley, barley wine is another drink in Tibet. In Tibet, nomatter men and women, old and young, all drink barley wine. The Tibetan usually make a good deal of barley wine before the holiday’s coming. From april to august, nearly all of the traditional festivals and non-traditional festivals, religious holiday or not a religious holiday, the Tibetan will take their barley wine to the green glassland and put up all sorts of tents, drink barley wine, while enjoy singing and dancing. What the charm of Tibetan wine culture！
In Tibet，you can find Ghee anytime, anywhere. Ghee is an indispensable food for Tibetan people. Tibetan people, especially those in pastoral areas, generally have rare chance to eat vegetables and fruits; who get daily calories in addition to the meat, all dependent on Ghee. Traditionally Ghee is always made from cow’s milk and widely used in Tibetan cuisine, like making butter tea, be used in zanba ect.