Xi’an, equivalent to ancient Roman Empire’ capital – Rome, is one of eight ancient capitals in Chinese history. The rest seven ancient capitals include Beijing, Hangzhou, Nanjing, Luoyang, Kaifeng, Anyang and Zhengzhou.
Xi’an is the cradle of Chinese civilization and the center of prehistory culture. The first dynasty established in Chang’an(former name of Xi’an) is Han Dynasty, is the reason that Chinese people also called Han people. Xi’an is the ancient capitals of 13 dynasties, which could date back 3100 years ago. As the starting point of the Silk Road, Xi’an is honored as World Historic City by UNESCO in 1981.
Known as the natural history museum of China, plan you trip properly in Xi’an would be unforgettable moment in your lifetime. If have only one day in Xi’an, you can take four hour to tour Eighth Wonder of World – Terracotta Army first. Then cycling on City Wall which is the most intact and biggest city wall in the world or tour unique Great Mosque and neighboring Muslim Quarter. After tasting delicious Dumpling Dinner in the evening, you can watch wonderful Tang Dynasty Show to experience the lifestyle in 2000 years ago.
If have one more day in Xi’an, you can visit Shaanxi History Museum which owns biggest collection of historical relics in China. Then go to Big Wild Goose Pagoda and Small Wild Goose Pagoda which are the very place for interpreting Buddhist scriptures that Monk Xuan Zang took from ancient India. When night falls, the music fountain on the plaza of the Big Wild Goose Pagoda is amazing. Wandering in the shopping arcade between the Bell Tower and the Drum Tower could be interesting. For Chinese architecture and culture buffs, Gao’s Courtyard is an obligatory stop. In the courtyard, you can experience the Shadow Play and Chinese calligraphy.
If have 3 days or more, you can plan trip according to your interest and hobby. History buffs can visit the Qian Tomb which is the joint tomb both for first empress Wu Zetian and his husband Emperor Gaozong of Tang. Banpo Museum and Tang dynasty murals in Shaanxi History Museum are worth visiting. In addition, Hanyangling Museum is on the way to airport which boasts large amount of pottery figurine that differ from Terracotta Army you never seen. For culture buffs, Stele Forest which mainly display the works of calligraphy, painting and historical records would be ideal place, as well as the Huang Di Mausoleum. Xi’an is also the paradise for landscape and photography lovers, Mount Huashan and Hukou Waterfall are thrilling. Meanwhile, Famensi Temple that preserves Sarira of Siddhartha Gautama and famous Eight Immortals Temple are sacred places for Buddhism pilgrims.
It is absolutely necessary to taste Xi’an snacks during your journey, especially Xi’an noodles, Rou Jia Mo and Yaorou Paomo.
Xi’an has many direct flights to major cities in China including Shanghai, Beijing, Hangzhou, Guilin, Chongqing, Chengdu, Guangzhou and so on. It is also convenient for you take train to Xi’an from Beijing that only cost you 11 hours.