Located in the south of Dunhuang city, White Horse Pagoda was built in 386 AD to commemorate a white horse of kumorajivam, a revered monk and translator who carried Buddhist scriptures from Kucha to Dunhuang in China. Since it has been repaired all the time, n the Daoguang era (1821-1851) and again in 1992, White Horse Pagoda is well-preserved and keeps its original beauty, considered as one of the best attractions in Dunhuang.
|White Horse Pagoda||White Horse Pagoda in Sunset|
As an important sight in the Silk Road, White Horse Pagoda consists of 9 floors, about 12 meters (39 feet) high and 7 meters (23 feet) in diameter. Its exterior is made of adobe bricks, full of grass and mud mixed with lime. The base is in the form of an eight-spoked wheel, the 1st level has four sides, while levels 2 to 4 have folding corners, the 5th level is decorated with upturned lotuses, the 6th is in the shape of an overturned bowl, the 7th level is wheel-shaped, while the 8th level has a hexagonal plate at the top of the pagoda with big wind-bells hanging on every corner. Above that are three metal balls surmounted by a trident. It is said that the chime of the bells is an echo of the neighing of the horse.
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